What Types of Speech Therapy Are Available?
There are many types of speech therapy, but the basics of the field are simple. Speech therapists treat speech and language impairments. Some are even known as speech and language pathologists. Regardless of the name, speech therapy is vital to treating many disorders. The following information provides an overview of some of the most common speech disorders. Read on to learn more. After all, speech therapy is not just for stuttering!
Treatment of stuttering
There are several different treatment options for stuttering. Early identification of the problem is essential to prevent the disorder from progressing. Several genetic factors contribute to stuttering, including a slight glitch in brain connections. Genetics is a contributing factor as stuttering often runs in families. Identical twins are more likely to stutter than fraternal twins. Learn more here www.childdevelopment.com.au/services/speech-pathology/.
A therapist may help a stutterer reduce negative feelings about their disorder in the early years. The therapist will encourage the stutterer to open up about their disorder and share their experiences with others. During the stuttering treatment, the patient will learn to identify and accept their disorder. During the sputtering process, they will learn how to speak in situations that they fear.
Treatment of swallowing problems
If you’re experiencing difficulty swallowing, you might need speech therapy. The condition can cause social and health problems, and speech-language pathologists specialise in helping people overcome their challenges. Swallowing involves several phases, including chewing and sucking. When food reaches the throat, it must be moved down the esophagus, where it is dissolved in saliva. The final phase is swallowing, which moves food into the stomach.
During speech therapy, therapists will show patients how to use their muscles to swallow effectively. During these sessions, they may suggest dietary changes or hold the head in a specific way to improve swallowing. Exercises are also a standard part of speech therapy. Most speech therapy exercises work to strengthen the tongue. Speech therapy aims to increase control of the muscles in the throat, tongue, and esophagus.
Treatment of language impairments
People with speech, language or cognition impairments can benefit from speech therapy. Aphasia, a disorder that affects a person’s ability to speak, understand, or write, is a common cause of disability. While it is most often caused by stroke, other brain disorders, such as tumours, can cause the disorder. Dysarthria, or poor voice quality, interferes with students’ ability to form cooperative groups, participate in classroom discussions, and establish and maintain peer relationships. In addition to the underlying language disorder, absenteeism, anxiety, and classroom behaviour may be signs of a speech impairment. Learn more here www.childdevelopment.com.au/services/speech-pathology/.
In young children with language impairments, group therapy may be most beneficial. Group therapy gives children an opportunity to understand the challenges of others and work with people with different strengths. However, children in the group must be of the same age and development level. If not, it may hurt the child’s self-esteem and lead to withdrawal. It can also be counterproductive. Therefore, consider your child’s age, IQ, and other factors when choosing a speech therapy Adelaide program.
Treatment of voice disorders
Speech-language pathologists treat people with various communication issues, including stuttering, voice problems, and language disorders. Their specialty is speech therapy, and their training allows them to work with patients of all ages. These speech-language pathologists are skilled at assessing and treating various communication skills, including language, reading, and writing. They also treat swallowing and feeding disorders.
The length of voice therapy depends on the disorder’s severity and the problem’s cause. Treatment is typically provided as individual sessions lasting six to eight weeks. The process begins with educating the patient about their condition and identifying the vocal habits detrimental to their voice. Once they have identified the causes, they can begin an exercise program to correct the problem. It may also be necessary to undergo psychological therapy for those suffering from voice disorders.